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Research on Literacy

The Literacy Coordinating Council’s Research on Literacy Module shows a list of various research studies conducted by the LCC and other  researchers and research institutions in the Philippines.

Research Title
AbstractPublication TypeDate PublishedLink
Technical Research Report on National Validation of the Foundational Framework for Exemplary Community-based Literacy Programs and Engagement Bautista, J., Gutierrez, M., Varela, L., Batang, B., & Tamayo, M.LCCThis research sought to validate on a national scale the Foundational Framework for Exemplary Community-based Literacy Programs and Engagement (Bautista et al., 2019) which includes its corresponding standards and performance indicators. Data were collected through a combination of Likert-type and open-ended-type of survey questionnaire administered during the National Literacy Conference in 2019.Monograph2020FINAL 2020 LCC Technical
DP 2019-06: 'Starting Where the Children Are': A Process Evaluation of the Mother Tongue-Based Multilingual Education ImplementationMonje, Jennifer D.; Orbeta, Aniceto C. Jr., Francisco-Abrigo, Kris A.; Capones, Erlinda M. ;PIDSThis process evaluation determines how the program is proceeding since the passage of Republic Act 10533 or the Enhanced Basic Education Act of 2013. It specifically looked at program theory, service delivery and utilization, and program organization. To capture the breadth of conceptual and implementation issues, 18 randomly selected elementary schools were visited from among private and public school systems, distributed according to Department of Education’s (DepEd) typology of small, medium, and large schools; island groupings of Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao; and from both linguistically diverse contexts and less linguistically diverse communities. Monograph2020Starting Where the Children Are':
A Process Evaluation of the
Mother Tongue-Based
Multilingual Education Implementation
PN 2018-17: Barriers and Bottlenecks to School Attendance: An UpdateAlbert, Jose Ramon G.; David, Clarissa C.; Vizmanos, Jana Flor V.;PIDSThis Policy Note describes the profile of out-of-school children (OOSC) in the Philippines. Among others, it finds that school attendance in the country remains largely an economic issue as more than half of OOSC come from low-income families. Attendance is likewise gendered, as 2 in every 3 OOSC were boys, some portion of which may be caused by the need to augment the family income. Across regions, the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao posted the highest OOSC rate. To address these issues, this study urges the Department of Education to consider suggestions for addressing gender disparities in participation and performance of children. Possible supply-side interventions include policies on hiring more male teachers, subject to review, and diversifying teaching strategies to include activities that may reduce the learning deficit between sexes.Monograph2020Barriers and Bottlenecks to
School Attendance: An Update
DP 2018-25: Out-of-School Children: Changing Landscape of School Attendance and Barriers to CompletionDavid, Clarissa C.; Albert, Jose Ramon G.; Vizmanos, Jana Flor V.;PIDSThis paper aims to: (1) obtain estimates of out-of-school children (OOSC), both in magnitude and rates; (2) profile OOSC and their families, as well as provide a discussion of the reasons why these children are out of school, and what makes children at risk of dropping out of school; and (3) discuss and recommend policies to reduce OOSC in the country. The full support placed on programs designed to reduce school dropout cases, particularly the Alternative Learning System, in the last administration has brought under-educated Filipinos back to school. The paper also provides concrete recommendations for addressing both demand- and supply-side bottlenecks to schooling.Monograph2020Out-of-School Children: Changing Landscape
of School Attendance and Barriers to Completion
Research 1
Framework for Community-Based Literacy Programs
Bautista, J., Gutierrez, M., Macahilig, H., Gatcho, A., & Dolba, S.LCCThis grounded theory research sought to unpack the elements of exemplary community-based literacy programs of local government units or local communities in the Philippines. The themes that make up the framework for exemplary community-based literacy programs and engagement are hereby discussed.Monograph2019FINAL 2019 LCC Technical Report
DRN 2020-01 Vol. 38 No. 1: New college grads 'mismatched' to their jobsPIDS Research Information StaffPIDSThis first issue of the Development Research News (DRN) for 2020 puts light on some key challenges in the Philippine education sector. The banner story talks about the current mismatch between the skills learned by the graduates and those needed by the industry today. This was evident in the data science and analytics field--despite being one of the most in-demand jobs. Articles on the challenges faced by reform programs targeting the country's secondary and higher education are also included in the issue. Another article highlights the high labor migration rates among Filipino workers and the role played by social networks.Monograph2020New college grads 'mismatched' to their jobs
Research 2b
M&E Tool for Community-Based Literacy Programs
Bautista, J., Gutierrez, M., Varela, L., Batang, B., & Tamayo, M.LCCThis Analytic Scoring Rubric is based on two researchers entitled, A Foundational Framework for Exemplary Community-based Literacy Programs and Engagement by Bautista, Gutierrez, Macahilig, Gatcho, and Dolba (2019) and the National Validation of the Foundational Framework for Exemplary Community-based Literacy Programs and Engagement by Bautista, Gutierrez, Varela, Batang & Tamayo (2020). This tool contains the ten (10) standards of the Foundational Framework, its relevant Indicators and its Achievement Progressions which are labeled into a four-scale graduation or categories namely: 1) Beginning; 2) Emerging; 3) Accomplished; and 4) Exemplary, the latter being the highest benchmark of community performance.Monograph2020FINAL Analytic Scoring Rubric
Technical Report on the National Literacy FrameworkMacahilig, Heidi B.; Edpao, James Michael P.LCCThe main objective of this study is to develop a National Literacy Framework – an overarching framework of literacy skills and competencies that Filipinos need to develop and be equipped with. The identified skills and competencies, which can be applied to the world of work and capabilities needed for 21st century living, can be used as basis for policies and reforms in the country’s education system and literacy governance.

This study also aimed to define literacy in the context of the Filipinos and identify the specific literacy skills and competence a Filipino needs to develop and apply to the world and work in the age of FIRe (fourth industrial revolution), and capabilities needed for 21st century living. The National Literacy Framework can be used as basis or reference for the following: a) development of basic and higher education curriculum; reforms in teacher education curriculum; b) advancement of informal and alternative education system; c) improved literacy governance; and d) support to the country’s development agenda (Philippine Development Goals, Ambisyon Natin 2040 and Sustainable Development Goals) that aim for the enhancement of literacy and educational landscape of the Philippines.
Monograph2022Technical Report on the National Literacy Framework
LCC Handbook on the Foundational Framework for Exemplary Community-based Programs and Engagement in the PhilippinesBautista, J., & Gutierrez, M.LCCThe goal of this book is to help individuals, institutions, local government units, and non-government organizations acquire the confidence to conceptualize, design, develop, implement, and assess community literacy programs. Whether the literacy programs are meant for children, youth, adults, or indigenous peoples, the Framework provided in this Handbook is believed to be applicable to a wide range of program beneficiaries. The book essentially combines three research outputs generated from the work of several academics from the Philippine Normal University in partnership with the Literacy Coordinating Council and its Secretariat and with the different local government units who served as respondents of the studies mentioned. After a short introduction, readers of the Handbook should expect to learn about the first phase and second phase of the research investigations conducted and, subsequently, expect to see the Standards and Indicators of the Framework, and the Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) Tool that operationalizes the said Framework.Monograph2021LCC Handbook on the Foundational Framework for Exemplary Community-based Programs and Engagement in the Philippines
DP 2019-34: Assessing the Alignment of Philippine Higher Education with the Emerging Demands for Data Science and Analytics WorkforceQuismorio, Brenda A.; Pasquin, Maria Antonette D.; Tayco, Claire S. ;PIDSRapid advancement in technology has allowed for far-reaching use of data. This has consequently led to an increasing demand for Data Science and Analytics (DSA) professionals. However, recent studies show that such demand is often not met in many economies. Such DSA skills shortage is claimed to be rooted in the mismatch between the skills the industry demands and the skills academic institutions supply. To allow the growth and maturity of the still infant analytics industry, there is a need to address the current lack of a common definition of the analytics profession among stakeholders. The study further endorses the promotion of government-industry-academe linkages to expand the existing market for DSA workforce in the country.Monograph2020Assessing the Alignment of Philippine Higher Education with the Emerging Demands for Data Science and Analytics Workforce
PN 2020-04: Aligning Higher Education with Demands for Data Science WorkforceQuismorio, Brenda A.; Pasquin, Maria Antonette D.; Tayco, Claire S. ;PIDSAmid the Fourth Industrial Revolution (FIRe), there has been an increasing demand for data science and analytics (DSA) workforce in the Philippines. Sadly, DSA skills remain underdeveloped among the Philippine workforce. This Policy Note provides evidence on the current DSA skills gaps in the Philippines in light of the country’s preparation for FIRe. Among others, it finds a scarcity of DSA competencies in the current workforce and a misalignment between the demand and supply of DSA workforce in the country. To address these issues, the study urges the government to adopt a framework to define the practice of DSA in the country. It also recommends the promotion of government-industry-academe linkages.Monograph2020Aligning Higher Education with
Demands for Data Science Workforce
3 In 1 ModalityCayanan-Marayag, Jenalyn M.DepEdResearch Article20223 IN 1 MODALITY_CANAYAN-MARAYAG
40-Day Quarantine and Bible-Based Critical Family Literacy EngagementTotanes, Benedict C.DepEdResearch Article202240-DAY QUARANTINE AND BIBLE-BASED CRITICAL FAMILY LITERACY ENGAGEMENT_TOTANES
Academic Implication of Modular Distance LearningBantog, Christopher U. DepEdResearch Article2022ACADEMIC IMPLICATION OF MODULAR DISTANCE LEARNING_BANTOG
Addressing Literacy NeedsPotane, Joel D. DepEdResearch Article2022ADDRESSING LITERACY NEEDS_POTANE
Aklatan ng Pag-asaSalva, Ronald Vincent R.DepEdResearch Article2022AKLATAN NG PAG-ASA_SALVA
Assessing the New Literacy Skills of Teachers in the HinterlandSungahid, Mary Jean L.DepEdResearch Article2022ASSESSING THE NEW LITERACY SKILLS OF TEACHERS IN THE HINTERLAND_SUNGAHID
Assessment of Students_ Capacity and AbilityBayhon, Mary Jean Camille C. DepEdResearch Article2022ASSESSMENT OF STUDENTS_ CAPACITY AND ABILITY_BAYHON
Asynchronous COVID Instructional MTB-Cebuano Design ConceptCabangon, Bobby M. DepEdResearch Article2022ASYNCHRONOUS COVID INSTRUCTIONAL MTB-CEBUANO DESIGN CONCEPT_CABANGON
Basakleta ProjectPetalcorin, Iryhn E. DepEdResearch Article2022BASAKLETA PROJECT_PETALCORIN
Blended Learning on Media and Information Literacy SHS Grade 12 Students Insight on its Usage in Classroom InstructionRamos, Jun-Jun R.DepEdResearch Article2022BLENDED LEARNING ON MEDIA AND INFORMATION LITERACY SHS GRADE 12 STUDENTS INSIGHT ON ITS USAGE IN CLASSROOM INSTRUCTION
Blog ApproachVillanueva, Merjuny B. DepEdResearch Article2022BLOG APPROACH_VILLANUEVA
Challenges Encountered in Distance LearningFamilaran, Jay D.; Carandang, Joann G. DepEdResearch Article2022CHALLENGES ENCOUNTERED IN DISTANCE LEARNING_FAMILARAN
Converting Printed Learning Modules to Classroom Audiovisual TechnologyMahinay, Ray Butch D.; Trinidad, Maria Victoria B. DepEdResearch Article2022CONVERTING PRINTED LEARNING MODULES TO CLASSROOM AUDIOVISUAL TECHNOLOGY_MAHINAY
COVID-19 Pandemic as Experienced by School Heads in Indigenous Peoples School in Marilog Davao CityInfante, DepEdResearch Article2022COVID-19 PANDEMIC AS EXPERIENCED BY SCHOOL HEADS IN INDIGENOUS PEOPLES SCHOOL IN MARILOG DAVAO CITY_INFANTE
Cyber and Skills in Solving Word Problem on Basic OperationsMartinez, Letecia L. DepEdResearch Article2022CYBER AND SKILLS IN SOLVING WORD PROBLEM ON BASIC OPERATIONS_MARTINEZ
Delving the Impact of the Learning Delivery ModalitiesCubelo, Ramil R. DepEdResearch Article2022DELVING THE IMPACT OF THE LEARNING DELIVERY MODALITIES_CUBELO
Democratizing Functional Literacy in Challenging TimesDela Cruz, William Christian P. DepEdResearch Article2022DEMOCRATIZING FUNCTIONAL LITERACY IN CHALLENGING TIMES_DELA CRUZ
Development of Contextualized DrillsPascual, Mark Nathaniel G. DepEdResearch Article2022DEVELOPMENT OF CONTEXTUALIZED DRILLS_PASCUAL
Differentiated Instruction for 21st Century LearnersRodemio, Pamela A. DepEdResearch Article2022DIFFERENTIATED INSTRUCTION FOR 21ST CENTURY LEARNERS_RODEMIO
Discovering the Palawan Landings of the 1521 Magellan-Elcano ExpeditionDoblado, Michael Angelo A. DepEdResearch Article2022DISCOVERING THE PALAWAN LANDINGS OF THE 1521 MAGELLAN-ELCANO EXPEDITION_DOBLADO
Distance Learning for LearnersSalvado, Razel Joy C. DepEdResearch Article2022DISTANCE LEARNING FOR LEARNERS_CABAG-SALVADO
Dynamics of Community-School Partnership in Implementing Reading Intervention ProgramLeopardas, Mike M.; Leopardas, Jernilyn Grace F. DepEdResearch Article2022DYNAMICS OF COMMUNITY-SCHOOL PARTNERSHIP IN IMPLEMENTING READING INTERVENTION PROGRAM_LEOPARDAS
Effectiveness of Online Directed Reading Thinking ActivityAbenojar, Minard B. DepEdResearch Article2022EFFECTIVENESS OF ONLINE DIRECTED READING THINKING ACTIVITY_ABENOJAR
Effects of Chatbot on Student’s Performance in CitizenshipManuel, Jolibert P. DepEdResearch Article2022EFFECTS OF CHATBOT ON STUDENT_S PERFORMANCE IN CITIZENSHIP_MANUEL
Effects of COT Approach on Pupil’s PerformanceUllang, Cathrine A. DepEdResearch Article2022EFFECTS OF COT APPROACH ON PUPIL_S PERFORMANCE_ULLANG
Efficacy of Electronic BooksPadilla, Sherwin R. DepEdResearch Article2022EFFICACY OF ELECTRONIC BOOKS_PADILLA
Enhancing Students’ Performance in Learning Conic SectionsNob, Jun Mark Rey DepEdResearch Article2022ENHANCING STUDENTS_ PERFORMANCE IN LEARNING CONIC SECTIONS_NOB
Enhancing the Reading and Writing Skills of Grade 6 Pupils in English through Modified Basic DictationDe Luna, Rodora B. DepEdResearch Article2022ENHANCING THE READING AND WRITING SKILLS OF GRADE 6 PUPILS IN ENGLISH THROUGH MODIFIED BASIC DICTATION_DE LUNA
Financial Literacy MattersSatumbaga, Mary Grace B.; Dirain, Agrifina A.DepEdResearch Article2022FINANCIAL LITERACY MATTERS_SATUMBAGA
Flipped Classroom Model as Inverted Teaching Strategy in Senior High School Research SubjectsDela Cruz, Leda M. DepEdResearch Article2022Flipped Classroom Model as Inverted Teaching Strategy in Senior High School Research Subjects
Fostering Media Literacy through Developed Teacher-Made Vlogs on Classical MechanicsPacut-Lopez, Phoebe Joy M. DepEdResearch Article2022FOSTERING MEDIA LITERACY THROUGH DEVELOPED TEACHER-MADE VLOGS ON CLASSICAL MECHANICS_PACUT-LOPEZ
Future Proofing of Basic Education in A V.U.C.A. WorldFerry, Reymund M. DepEdResearch Article2022FUTURE PROOFING OF BASIC EDUCATION IN A V.U.C.A. WORLD_FERRY
Glocalized Experiential LearningNagal, Raphael Kevin I. DepEdResearch Article2022GLOCALIZED EXPERIENTIAL LEARNING_NAGAL
Guided and Immersive Training ProgramAcar, Bryant C. DepEdResearch Article2022GUIDED AND IMMERSIVE TRAINING PROGRAM_DR. ACAR
Hink PinkDeza, Mary Christine S. DepEdResearch Article2022HINK PINK_DEZA
Impact of Virtual Classroom in Online Distance LearningGecolea, Peejay G.
Gecolea, Cincy Merly B.
Improving Reading Skills this PandemicLinaac, Gretchen D.; Chiva, Marvilyn M.; Ceniza, Julie A. DepEdResearch Article2022IMPROVING READING SKILLS THIS PANDEMIC_LINAAC
Innovative Ladderized ActivitiesDr. ChuaDepEdResearch Article2022INNOVATIVE LADDERIZED ACTIVITIES_DR. CHUA
Issues and Challenges in Using ICT in TeachingRamos, Analyn D. DepEdResearch Article2022ISSUES AND CHALLENGES IN USING ICT IN TEACHING_RAMOS
Jaim Booklet: A Tool to Improve the Least Mastered Competencies in Math VIRada, Jorie Jane F. DepEdResearch Article2022JAIM BOOKLET: A TOOL TO IMPROVE THE LEAST MASTERED

KawilLandrito, Ronnel Franco G.; Dalmacio, Christian I.; Alcantara, Mark Kervin Y.DepEdResearch Article2022KAWIL_LANDRITO
Language Learning Strategies and ProficiencyPaguio, Reymar D.; Casuncad, Jan Darell C.DepEdResearch Article2022LANGUAGE LEARNING STRATEGIES AND PROFICIENCY_PAGUIO
Level of Composition of Self-Learning ModulesComighud, Sheena Mae T.; Pepito, Rizaldy D.; Malbog, Maricel T.; Awing, Earl Jude Francis R.; Lalamonan, Abgel L.; Secong, Stanley A.DepEdResearch Article2022LEVEL OF COMPOSITION OF SELF-LEARNING MODULES_COMIGHUD
Level of Content Knowledge and Critical Thinking SkillsHilotin, Jeannie Rose; Mayor, John Mark M. DepEdResearch Article2022LEVEL OF CONTENT KNOWLEDGE AND CRITICAL THINKING SKILLS_HILOTIN
Level of Stress Experienced by Teachers, Extent of Utilization of Coping Strategies and Extent of their WellnessPunteroDepEdResearch Article2022LEVEL OF STRESS EXPERIENCED BY TEACHERS, EXTENT OF UTILIZATION OF COPING STRATEGIES AND EXTENT OF THEIR WELLNESS_PUNTERO
Media and Information Literacy of Indigenous PeopleBañas, Rona A. DepEdResearch Article2022MEDIA AND INFORMATION LITERACY OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLE_ BAÑAS
Mobile Speech Learning PackageGonzales, Elaine May R.DepEdResearch Article2022MOBILE SPEECH LEARNING PACKAGE_GONZALES
MOBILELavado, Marvie M.DepEdResearch Article2022MOBILE_LAVADO
MultiliteraciesSerquina, Evelyn A. DepEdResearch Article2022MULTILITERACIES_SERQUINA
MultimediaJuit, Mary Jane F.,DepEdResearch Article2022MULTIMEDIA_JUIT
Non-Participation in Co-Curricular ActivitiesAvergonzado, Daniel A.DepEdResearch Article2022NON-PARTICIPATION IN CO-CURRICULAR ACTIVITIES_AVERGONZADO
Operation GalugadNagal, Raphael Kevin I. DepEdResearch Article2022OPERATION GALUGAD_NAGAL
Operation TutokDulnuan, Divelyna S.;
Agustin, Noel Christian B.
Pair Questioning Strategy and Reading Comprehension SkillsDulnuan, Deonita G.; Guzman, Delia B.;
Tatel, Dulcisimo T.
Pampaaralang Pasanayan sa PagpapahayagSalva, Ronald Vincent R.DepEdResearch Article2022PAMPAARALANG PASANAYAN SA PAGPAPAHAYAG_SALVA
Parent and Teacher Roles and InvolvementVelasco, Shirley D.DepEdResearch Article2022PARENT AND TEACHER ROLES AND INVOLVEMENT_VELASCO
Parental Involvement in Shared LearningNatividad, Roniko C.DepEdResearch Article2022PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT IN SHARED LEARNING_NATIVIDAD
Parents’ Literacy in Facilitating Education of their Children During the COVID-19 PandemicFiagaoDepEdResearch Article2022PARENTS’ LITERACY IN FACILITATING EDUCATION OF THEIR CHILDREN DURING THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC_FAIGAO
PNHS Research Innovation ProgramCañete, Rex F.; Artillo, Ella Mae B.DepEdResearch Article2022PNHS RESEARCH INNOVATION PROGRAM_CANETE
Project COMBI-RAPSSto. Nino, Maria Julieta B.;
del Mundo, Elmer S.
Project CORONASto. Nino, Maria Julieta B.;
del Mundo, Elmer S.
DepEdResearch Article2022Project CORONA_STO. NINO
Project GOMERSimaconDepEdResearch Article2022PROJECT GOMER_SIMACON
Project L-FORCESaddulDepEdResearch Article2022PROJECT L-FORCE_SADDUL
Project MARKClavo, Mark G.DepEdResearch Article2022PROJECT MARK_CLAVO
Project SHANNONLauron, Jucell J. DepEdResearch Article2022PROJECT SHANNON_LAURON
Project Winners and Subject-Verb Agreement Skills in Written Communication of Grade 11 StudentsAbegania, Edelita V. DepEdResearch Article2022PROJECT WINNERS AND SUBJECT-VERB AGREEMENT SKILLS IN WRITTEN COMMUNICATION OF GRADE 11 STUDENTS_ABEGANIA
Rap Chant Padrigo, Maria Irma F. DepEdResearch Article2022RAP-CHANT_PADRIGO
Reflections on Language Assessment in Modular Distance LearningGuce, Rogelio R.; Andal, Ricky; Tuazon, Camille DepEdResearch Article2022REFLECTIONS ON LANGUAGE ASSESSMENT IN MODULAR DISTANCE LEARNING_GUCE
Reinforcing Phonemic AwarenessRiraoDepEdResearch Article2022REINFORCING PHONEMIC AWARENESS_RIRAO
Round ApproachDelos Reyes, Pepito jr., M. DepEdResearch Article2022ROUND APPROACH_DELOS REYES, JR.
Simulation of a Synchronous Approach in Learning Quantitative ResearchRojas, Nick I. DepEdResearch Article2022SIMULATION OF A SYNCHRONOUS APPROACH IN LEARNING QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH_ROJAS
Situating the Teachers in the New NormalCaliguiran, Reynante Z.; Cabaro, Estela S.; Garcia, Enrique Jr., M. DepEdResearch Article2022SITUATING THE TEACHERS IN THE NEW NORMAL_CALIGUIRAN
SOAR AP StrategyCajella, Mary Joan J.; Enerio, Margarita B.; Lingatong, Leah Lyn A.; Galeon, Lloyd; Yare, Rhodora DepEdResearch Article2022SOAR AP STRATEGY_CAJELLA
Superbrain Yoga: Cognitive and Behavioral Aspects of High School StudentsJanagap, Alma S.DepEdResearch Article2022Superbrain Yoga: Cognitive and Behavioral Aspects of High School Students
Teaching Community Competencies and Language of DumagatAdriano, Karheena E.DepEdResearch Article2022TEACHING COMMUNITY COMPETENCIES AND LANGUAGE OF DUMAGAT_ADRIANO
The Effectiveness of the Readers Rise Reading ProgramMontajes, Ruby C.; Sanico, Cerelyn T.
Escuadro, Anna Liza C.
The Effects of Reading in Tandem ModuleMojica, May Lyn C. DepEdResearch Article2022THE EFFECTS OF READING IN TANDEM MODULE_MOJICA
The Extent of Implementation of the PPAPS on Sustainability and Eco-Friendliness of SNCS-SCBawiga, Cherry C.; Hermosura, Joy P.DepEdResearch Article2022THE EXTENT OF IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PPAPS ON SUSTAINABILITY AND ECO-FRIENDLINESS OF SNCS-SC_HERMOSURA
The Learners’ Perceptions Towards Distance LearningMohammad, Maria Ghea C. DepEdResearch Article2022THE LEARNERS_ PERCEPTIONS TOWARDS DISTANCE LEARNING_MOHAMMAD
The Use of Multimodal Approach in Writing a Statement of Opinion in an ESL Composition ClassroomMagno, Ramil Jhon P. DepEdResearch Article2022THE USE OF MULTIMODAL APPROACH IN WRITING A STATEMENT OF OPINION IN AN ESL COMPOSITION CLASSROOM
TMCutaran-Mandac, Herisa Gay DepEdResearch Article2022TM_MANDAC
WATPaDNicolas, Elaine P.DepEdResearch Article2022WATPaD_NICOLAS
YOLIE's TechniqueManganaweDepEdResearch Article2022YOLIE_S TECHNIQUE_MANGANAWE
A Process and Impact Evaluation of the Effectiveness of the LCC National Literacy AwardsMilagros D. Ibe, Ph. DLCC/Miriam CollegeResearch ReportJuly 31, 2007A Process and Impact Evaluation of the Effectiveness of the LCC National Literacy Awards